Dizziness | Causes | Symptom |Treatments


Dizziness is a term used to describe a various sensation such as dizziness, fainting, boredom, weakness, or unsteadiness. Vertigo, which creates a false sensation of spinning or movement around you, is called vertigo.

Dizziness is one of the most common reasons adults see their PCP. Frequent dizziness and persistent light headed can have a huge impact on your life. However, dizziness rarely indicates a life-threatening condition.

Treatment for vertigo depends on the cause and the symptoms. It’s usually effective, but sometimes the problem comes back.


People who experience dizziness cannot describe it as one of the many sensations, such as:

Inappropriate movement or sensation of spinning (dizziness)

Dizziness or fainting

Instability or loss of balance

Feeling bored or heavy in the head

These feelings may arise or get worse if you stand, walk, or move your head. You should sit or lie down as the dizziness is accompanied by nausea, it is sudden or severe. Episodes can last for seconds or days and sometimes repeat themselves.


Vertigo can have many causes, including inner ear disorders, movement disorders, and drug efficacy. It can be caused by fundamental health problems such as poor circulation, infection, and injury.

The way you feel dizzy and your trigger tells you possible causes. The duration of the dizziness and other symptoms can also help determine the cause.

Problems in the inner ear causing dizziness (vertigo)

The sense of balance depends on a combination of signals from different parts of the sensory system. These include you:

The eyes help determine where and how the body is moving in space.

Sensory nerves that send messages to the brain about movement and body position.

Inner ear shell sensors that help detect gravity and movement before and after

Vertigo is the false impression that the environment is spinning or moving. Inner ear disease, the brain receives signals in the inner ear that are not consistent with what the eye or sensory nerves receive. Vertigo is what happens when your brain tries to clear out the confusion.

Benign paroxysmal vertigo overhead (BPPV). This condition produces intense and short false impressions of rotation or movement. This episode is caused by a sudden change in head movement, such as when he throws himself into bed, sits, or bumps his head. BPPV is the most common cause of vertigo.

infection. A viral infection of the vestibular nerve, called vestibular neuritis, can cause severe, persistent dizziness. In case of sudden hearing loss, there is a chance of a labyrinthitis.

Meniere’s disease. This disease is associated with the accumulation of excess fluid in the inner teeth. It is characterized by sudden attacks of dizziness that can last for several hours. In addition, hearing impairment, tinnitus and tinnitus can occur.

Migraine. People with migraines may have episodes of dizziness or other types of vertigo, even if they do not have severe headaches. These episodes of dizziness can last from minutes to hours and are likely associated with headaches or increased sensitivity to light and noise.

Circulatory problems causing dizziness

If the heart does not pump enough blood to the brain, it may become dizzy, weak, or out of balance. The reasons are as follows:

Reduces blood pressure. A sudden drop in systolic blood pressure (maximum blood pressure) can cause short-term dizziness and weakness. This can happen if you sit or stand for too long. This condition is also called stereotactic hypotension.

Poor circulation. Conditions such as cardiomyopathy, heart attack, cardiac arrhythmias, and transient ischemic attack can cause dizziness. In addition, when blood volume decreases, there is a possibility of insufficient blood flow to the brain and inner ear.

Other causes of dizziness

Neurological condition. Some neurological disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis, can gradually become out of balance.

Medications. Dizziness is likely a side effect of certain medications, including antiepileptic drugs, antidepressants, sedatives, and sedatives. In particular, coercion can lower blood pressure and cause fainting.

Anxiety disorder. Some anxiety disorders can make you feel dizzy or ill, and are often referred to as dizziness. These include panic and fear of leaving the house or being in a large open space (agoraphobia).

Low iron levels (anemia). Other signs and symptoms that may occur with dizziness associated with anemia include tiredness, weakness, and pale skin.

Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). This condition usually occurs in people with diabetes who are taking insulin. Dizziness (vertigo) is sometimes accompanied by sweating and anxiety.

Carbon monoxide poisoning. The symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning are often described as “flu-like” and include headaches.


Dizziness often goes away without treatment. The body usually adjusts to awakening within a few weeks.

If you need treatment, your doctor will do so based on your condition and the cause of your symptoms. This can be a balance exercise with medication. Even if there is no cause or the dizziness persists, it can relieve symptoms with prescription medication or other treatment.


Water pills. If you have Meniere’s disease, your doctor may also prescribe a water treatment (diuretic). This, along with my salt diet, helps to reduce the frequency of vertigo attacks.

A drug for relieving dizziness and nausea. Doctors may prescribe medications, including prescription antihistamines or anticholinergics, to quickly reduce dizziness, dizziness, and vomiting. Many of these drugs cause drowsiness.

Anxiety drug. Diazepam (barium) and alprazolam (Zanax) are addictive drugs in the benzodiazepine class. It can also make you sleepy.

Prevention of migraine. Some medications help prevent migraine attacks.

Using a Therapy

Work on your head position. A technique called canal reshaping (or root manipulation) will usually help resolve the positive paroxysmal vertigo position more quickly, even if you just wait for the vertigo to go away. This can be done by a doctor, audiologist, or physical therapist, or by changing the position of the head. Usually, one or two treatments are effective. Before performing this procedure, tell your doctor if you have neck or lower back problems, retinal detachments, or vascular problems.

Balance therapy. This helps to reduce the sensitivity of the balance system to movement and allows you to learn certain movements. This method of physical therapy is called pruning rehabilitation. It is used for people who have dizziness due to a condition of the inner ear, such as inflammation when pruning.

Psychological therapy. This type of treatment can help people with dizziness, anxiety disorders.

Surgery or other procedure

injection. Doctors may inject the antibiotic gentamicin into the inner ear to disturb the balance. Performs the function of a healthy guy.

Removal of the senses in the inner ear. When used infrequently, it is called labyrinth resection. Unlock the affected ear vestibule maze. Performs other ear balance functions. This method can be used if you have severe hearing loss and do not respond to treatment for vertigo.

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