Insomnia

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that makes it difficult to fall asleep but continues to sleep.

The condition can be short term (acute) or long term (chronic). You can come and go.

Acute insomnia lasts several weeks a night. Insomnia is chronic when it occurs more than 3 days a week for more than 3 months.

Types

There are two types of insomnia: primary and secondary.

Primary: This means that this sleeping problem is not related to any other health problem or situation.

Secondary: It means having difficulty sleeping due to a medical condition (asthma, depression, arthritis, cancer, heartburn, etc.) Pain; drug, remedy, medicine; Or the use of substances (alcohol, etc.).

Causes

Primary insomnia can be caused by:

Stress related to important life events, such as a job change or job change, the death of a loved one, divorce or relocation

Noise, light, temperature, etc.

Parallax New changes or bad habits you entered when you had other sleep problems.

Change your sleep pattern.

Secondary insomnia can be caused by:

Mental health issues such as depression and anxiety

Colds, allergies, depression, high blood pressure, asthma medications

Pain or discomfort at night

Consume caffeine, tobacco or alcohol

Thyroid problems and other endocrine problems

Other sleep disorders such as sleep apnea and restless leg syndrome.

Symptoms

Daytime sleepiness

Fatigue

Irritability

Problems with concentration and memory

Treatment

Insomnia involves both medicinal and non-medicinal treatments.

Your doctor will recommend the treatment that is right for you. You may need to try other treatments before you find the one that’s right for you.

The American Academy of Internal Medicine (ACP) recommends cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) as the first-choice treatment for chronic insomnia in adults.

Training in sleep hygiene may also be recommended. Sometimes behavior that interferes with sleep can cause insomnia. Training in sleep hygiene can help change some of these destructive behaviors.

The proposed changes include:

Avoid caffeinated drinks before bed

Avoid exercising before bed

Minimize the time you spend in bed, especially when you are awake, such as watching TV or browsing the internet on your phone or Laptop.

If you have an underlying psychological or medical condition that is causing your insomnia, you can reduce the sleep disturbance with proper treatment.

Medications

Sometimes drugs are used to treat insomnia.

Antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) are examples of over-the-counter medications that can be used for sleep.

It is important to consult your doctor before taking over-the-counter medicines for insomnia, as these medicines can cause side effects, especially in the long term.

Some of the prescription drugs that you can use to treat:

eszopiclone (Lunesta)

zolpidem (Ambien)

Talk to your doctor before taking any medications or supplements to treatment.

There can be dangerous side effects and drug interactions. Not all “sleeping pills” are suitable for everyone.

By changing your lifestyle or trying home remedies, you can effectively manage many cases of diseases.

Hot milk, herbal teas, and ballet are some of the natural sleeping pills you can try.