Parkinson’s disease | Symptoms | Risk Factors | Causes

Parkinson's disease | Symptoms | Risk Factors | Causes

Parkinson’s disease Overview

Parkinson’s disease is an ameliorative disease of the nervous system that affects momentum. Symptoms begin slowly and sometimes begin with an eye tremor that is barely controlled with one hand. Vibrations are common, but disturbances usually cause stiffness and slower movements.

In the early stages of Parkinson’s, you may hardly see facial expressions. Your hands may not vibrate when you walk. Your speech can be fluid or distorted. Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease worsen as the condition continues over time.

There is no cure for Parkinson’s disease, but taking medications can greatly improve symptoms. Sometimes, the doctor may suggest surgery to improve symptoms by monitoring specific areas of the brain.

Symptom of Parkinson’s disease

The signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease vary from person to person. In a mild form, early symptoms are not noticed. In most cases, symptoms start on one side of the body and usually get worse on that side even after the symptoms begin to affect both sides.

Parkinson’s signs and symptoms include:

Shivering. Tremors, or tremors, usually begin in the limbs and often in the hands or fingers. You can rub your thumb and forefinger back and forth. This is called low rolling vibration. When you stop, your hands may shake.

Slow motion (smooth motion). Over time, Parkinson’s disease can slow down your movements and make simple tasks difficult and time consuming. Your stride when walking may be shorter. Getting up from a chair can be difficult. Trying to walk can be lame.

Hard muscles. Muscle stiffness can occur anywhere in the body. Muscle stiffness can accompany pain and limit range of motion.

Disorders of posture and balance. As a result of Parkinson’s, your posture may bend or you may have problems with balance.

Loss of automatic movement. Your ability to make involuntary movements such as winking, smiling, or waving your arms while walking may be impaired.

Change of voice. Before speaking, he may be fluid, fast, boring, or indecisive. Your speech is more likely to be monotonous than your usual intonation.

History of changes. This may seem small and difficult to write.

Causes of Parkinson’s disease

In Parkinson’s disease, certain nerve cells (neurons) in the brain gradually break down or die. Most of the symptoms result from the loss of nerve cells that produce a chemical messenger in the brain called dopamine. When dopamine levels drop, it causes movement disorders and other symptoms of Parkinson’s disease that cause abnormal brain activity.

The cause of Parkinson’s is unclear, but several factors appear to be involved, including:

Genes. Researchers have identified certain gene mutations that can cause Parkinson’s disease. However, they are rare, unless Parkinson’s disease is rare in many families.

However, while some genetic variants appear to increase the risk of Parkinson’s disease, the risk of Parkinson’s for each of these genetic markers is relatively small.

Triggers of the environment. Although exposure to certain toxins or environmental factors can increase your risk of Parkinson’s disease, the risk is relatively small.

Researchers also point to many changes in the brains of people with Parkinson’s, but it’s unclear why these changes occur. These changes include:

The presence of Levy bodies. Clusters of certain substances in brain cells are microscopic markers of Parkinson’s disease. They are called Lewy bodies, and researchers believe these Lewy bodies may hold important clues to the cause of Parkinson’s disease.

α-sinucurein for Levi’s body dementia. Although the dementia body with Lewy’s body contains many substances, scientists believe that the important substance is a naturally occurring broad-spectrum protein called α-sinucurine (α-sinucurein). Which cells cannot collapse can be seen in conjunction with all Lewy bodies? This is currently an important focus among researchers in Parkinson’s.

Risk factors of Parkinson’s disease

Risk factors for Parkinson’s disease include:

Year: Young people rarely get Parkinson’s. The risk increases with age, usually starting in middle age or old age. The disease usually develops in people over the age of 60.

Inheritance: Having Parkinson’s and close family members increases the chances of developing Parkinson’s. However, the risk is still low if the family does not have many relatives with Parkinson’s.

Gender: Men are more likely to develop Parkinson’s than women.

Exposure to toxins: Long-term exposure to herbicides and pesticides can slightly increase the risk of Parkinson’s disease.

Complications for Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s often follows these additional problems and can be treated:

Difficulty thinking. You may have cognitive impairment (dementia) or thinking problems. They usually occur later in Parkinson’s disease. These cognitive problems do not respond well to medications.

Depression and mood swings. Depression can sometimes start very early. Getting treatment for depression makes it easier to cope with other problems associated with Parkinson’s.

You may also experience other emotional changes such as fear, anxiety, and a loss of motivation. Your doctor can prescribe medications to treat these symptoms.

Swallowing. As symptoms progress, swallowing can become difficult. If you delay swallowing, saliva builds up in your mouth, which can lead to salivation.

Problems with chewing and eating. Late Parkinson’s disease affects the muscles of the mouth, making chewing difficult. This can lead to suffocation and malnutrition.

Sleep disturbances and sleep disturbances. People with Parkinson’s often wake up at night, wake early and sleep during the day and have trouble sleeping.

People can also experience rapid eye movement sleep disorder, which is related to making your dreams come true. Medicines can help with sleep problems.

Problems with the bladder. Parkinson’s disease can cause bladder problems such as uncontrolled urination and difficulty urinating.

Constipation. Many people with Parkinson’s can develop constipation, mainly due to the slow functioning of the digestive system.

You can also experiment:

• Changes in blood pressure. A sudden drop in blood pressure (orthostatic hypotension) can cause dizziness or vertigo on standing.

• Olfactory dysfunction. You may have trouble sniffing. Sometimes it can be difficult to distinguish a specific smell from a smell.

• Boredom. Many people with Parkinson’s lose energy and get tired, especially at the end of the day. The reason is not necessarily known.

• to get sick. Some people with Parkinson’s experience pain in a specific area of ​​the body or throughout the body.

• Sexual dysfunction. Some people with Parkinson’s also experience decreased libido and sexual activity.


Since the cause of Parkinson’s is unknown, proven methods of preventing the disease also remain a mystery.

Studies have shown that regular aerobic exercise can reduce the risk of Parkinson’s.

Several other studies have shown that people who consume the caffeine contained in coffee, tea and cola are less likely to develop Parkinson’s than those who don’t. Green tea also reduces the risk of developing Parkinson’s.

However, it is not yet known whether caffeine actually prevents Parkinson’s disease or has anything else to do with it. There is currently insufficient evidence to suggest the use of caffeinated beverages to protect against Parkinson’s.

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