What Is Vitamin B-12?
Vitamin B-12, like all other B vitamins, is a water-soluble vitamin.
This means that it can dissolve in water and pass through the bloodstream. The human body can absorb vitamin B-12 for up to 4 years. Excess or unnecessary vitamin B12 is excreted in the urine.
It can only be produced on an industrial scale by synthesizing the natural bacterial fermentation of meat products.
Vitamin B12 is essential for the proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It also helps generate and regulate DNA, which is also involved in the formation of red blood cells.
What Is Vitamin B12 Good For
The metabolism of all cells in the body depends on vitamin B-12, which is involved in the synthesis of fatty acids and in the production of energy. Vitamin B-12 helps release energy by helping the body absorb folic acid.
The human body produces huge amount of red blood cells every minute. These cells cannot reproduce normally without vitamin B-12. Red blood cell production is reduced due to too low vitamin B-12 levels. A decrease in the number of red blood cells can lead to anemia.
How Much Vitamin B12 Should You Take
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommends that
- Below the age of Children require less than 1.2mcg
- Adolescents and adults 14 years of age and older consume 2.4 micrograms (mcg) of vitamin B-12 per day.
- Pregnant women need 2.6 mcg and breastfeeding women need 2.8 mcg.
Can You Overdose Of Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 has not been shown to cause any harm, even at high doses.
Symptoms of deficiency
Vitamin B-12 deficiency occurs when the body does not get enough vitamin B12.
This can cause irreversible and potentially serious injury, especially to the nervous system and brain.
Even slightly lower levels of vitamin B12 can cause deficiency symptoms such as depression, confusion, memory problems and fatigue.
Other symptoms such as constipation, loss of appetite and weight loss.
A lack of vitamin B12 can also lead to anemia. The most common symptoms of anemia are fatigue, shortness of breath and arrhythmia. A person with anemia may also experience:
- Pain in the mouth and tongue
- Weight loss
- The skin becomes thin or yellowish
- Menstrual problems
- Vitamin B12 deficiency also makes people susceptible to infections.
Some people have difficulty absorbing vitamin B-12 from food sources and may need supplementation.
These include the elderly, people with pernicious anemia, people with acidosis or intestinal disorders who may have difficulty absorbing vitamin B12 from food.
The supplements can be taken orally or in the form of nasal drops. However, oral supplements do not help every time in many cases of deficiency. In these situations, vitamin B-12 can be given.
Vitamin B12, like all other B vitamins, is a water-soluble vitamin.
This means that it can dissolve in water and pass through the bloodstream. The human body can absorb vitamin B-12 for up to 4 years. Excess or unnecessary vitamin B-12 is excreted in the urine.
Vitamin B-12 is the largest and structurally complex. It can only be produced on an industrial scale by synthesizing the natural bacterial fermentation of meat products.
How Long to Recover from B12 Deficiency?
Once you start treatment your vitamin B12 deficiency, it can take up to 5 to 11 months to fully recover. Usually the improvement will not improve for the first few months of treatment.
What Types of foods Have vitamin B12?
Vitamin B12 is get naturally in a wide variety of animal foods, and manufacturers add it to some fortified foods.
- milk, and other dairy products contain vitamin B12.
- Clams and beef liver
- Breakfast cereals
- Nutritional yeasts
Does Vitamin B12 Give You Energy
Manufacturers often promote vitamin B 12 additives for energy, efficiency and durability of exercises. But Vitamin B12 does not make profits get enough B12 in food.