Coronavirus Mutations arrived late 2020, In the next episode of the most unusual year in human history, the famous coronavirus started mutating. A new mutation of COVID-19 has been formed by mutations in the coronavirus. This is almost 70% contagious and is now common in all parts of the UK except Northern Ireland.
However, while mutant coronavirus is no longer dangerous for symptoms and consequences, it is more tolerable. At least medicine only knows this.
The mutant strains of the coronavirus are not at risk until they have serious consequences for humans. The news of the coronavirus mutation is true, but more importantly, how does it affect people? This article can help you learn about all aspects of coronavirus mutations, including its transmission.
What do you know about coronavirus mutations?
One is the key that the coronavirus uses to open the doors of cells in the human body. Changes in spike protein.
One of the known mutations for N501Y alters an important part of the coronavirus peak, known as the “receptor binding domain”. This is the part of the virus that first comes into contact with human cells. Mutations in this area allow the virus to easily enter the body. Any change that increases the ability of coronavirus spines to enter human cells can be dangerous.
“It looks like a major crisis and it smells,” Professor Lohman says.
Another mutation, known as H69 / V70, involves the removal of a small spine that has appeared several times in the past. According to University of Cambridge, the mutation doubled infection rates in laboratory experiments. “It’s a very natural process. It is the survival of the fittest,” he added.
Research added that the increase in coronavirus spikes is that antibodies in the blood of infected patients are less effective at attacking the virus.
But the problem is, American scientists such as Surgical Admiral Jerome Adams, Admiral and former FDA President Scott Gottlieb have said existing vaccines are working on new options.
In addition, Professor David Robertson from the University of Glasgow in Scotland said the virus can develop mutations that the vaccine misses, which will take time.
Where does the new variant of Covid-19 come from?
Geographically, coronavirus mutations have been initiated in the south-east of England and have been found in parts of the Netherlands, Denmark and Australia. The technical answer to the question is a variant developed in patients with weakened immune systems. His immune system was too weak and his defense system couldn’t fight the coronavirus. As a result, the body has become a breeding ground for coronavirus mutations.
How does the coronavirus evolve?
When the human body makes antibodies to process viruses, they try to modify the exodermis, or outer surface, so that they are not recognized by antibodies and immune cells. Therefore, this method of virus survival by modifying the surface of external proteins or by developing new strains helps maintain the defense of the immune system.
By escaping the immune system of the infected person, the virus replicates with the help of host cells. This is done by injecting genetic information from the nucleus (viral) into the infected host cell. With this procedure, the coronavirus helps the mutation and produces millions of copies of the virus.
Each replication in the process results in a small copy error, each of which changes the genetic code of the virus. Therefore, these viruses not only multiply, but also change the genetic code every time.
How do I know if the coronavirus mutations are more than 70% widespread?
The 70% number of mutations in the coronavirus has been mentioned by Prime Minister Boris Johnson. This R number is called the base replica number, which is a mathematical number describing how the infection is transmitted.
The most recent growth rates for R (December 18, 2020) and UK have been calculated from 1.1 to 1.2 (+ 1% to 4%). This means that on average 11 to 12 people are infected. The results are presented in a presentation by Dr Eric Volz of Imperial College London.
However, there are still unanswered questions about whether the coronavirus can infect.
Why is this mutant worrying?
There are three basic reasons to be concerned about this coronavirus mutation.
• The mutation process improves an important part of the virus that contributes to the mutation. Squirrel surface
• Replace other versions of the virus frequently.
• Several mutations of the coronavirus have been tested in the laboratory to increase the virus’s ability to infect healthy cells.
Why is this coronavirus mutation spreading so quickly?
The mutant process of the coronavirus can alter the surface of the viral protein or create new stores that remain protected by the immune system. The elimination of genes in this cloning process occurs with every mutation.
The elimination of this gene means the absence of two amino acids which promote and accelerate the spread of the virus. The COVID-19 Genomics consortium has published a detailed profile of the new B1.1.7 cluster, including an explanation for the gene deletion, according to British researchers.
The same suppression has already been observed in East Asia during the summer. However, one of these mutant coronaviruses, SARS-CoV-2, causes mild coronavirus infection, where these mutations are weak.
Have these mutations ever happened?
Nothing new in medicine. These mutations in the virus happened more quickly. Some examples of other viruses with mutations include:
• Influenza virus: there are 3 types, consisting of 7-8 RNA segments surrounded by a protein envelope.
• HIV virus: the virus mutates into billions of copies every day.
Candy changes the genetic code of the virus with each mutation following the mutation of the coronavirus. So, the virus, first detected in Wuhan, China, is different from the virus found in other parts of the world.
The two types of coronavirus differ in that their characteristics are changed by changing the genetic code each time a mutation spreads by mutation.
The D614G mutation, which occurred in Europe in February, is the dominant virus in the world. Another mutation, known as A222V, originated in Europe and has been linked to the Spanish summer vacation.
Would this mutation make it a more deadly infection?
There is no evidence that this is true, so the infection should be monitored.
However, just because a virus spreads and infects it so easily does not mean that it is dangerous. There is not enough evidence to know the exact severity of the virus.
If people get infected faster from this coronavirus mutation, more people will need hospital treatment.
Will the vaccine work against coronavirus mutations?
Yes, so far, we can say that the vaccine is effective against the mutant coronavirus. All major vaccines have been shown to be effective in developing an immune response to existing peaks.
This vaccine trains the human immune system to attack different parts of the virus. So even though some of the peaks have changed, the vaccine should still work.
The vaccine is lost when the virus changes. This completely solves the problem of the effectiveness of vaccines and infects people.
How will the body react to the mutation?
In general, the human body can protect itself against viruses. It produces antibodies that activate immunity against pathogens of viral attack.
However, pathogens have mutations that alter the genetic code, but if the body’s antibodies are older versions of the pathogen, they will be less effective against the new mutant virus.
This is why people regularly catch colds. Our bodies are already making antibodies against the old cold, but new antibodies against the new mutated pathogen have yet to be developed.
However, there is no reason to panic. Viruses are not necessarily at risk of mutation. It is also possible that certain changes weaken the virus considerably.