Irregular Periods? | Symptoms | Causes | Treatments | Medications

Irregular Periods

An irregular menstrual cycle is a menstrual cycle that continually exceeds the “normal” range for unforeseen reasons.

Small changes in cycle length are normal. Disturbances are also expected at the start of the carbide menstruation and at the end (before and after menopause). It can also appear after pregnancy and when hormonal contraception is stopped or started.

Irregular periods during this time may indicate issues that need to be resolved with your doctor. Irregular cycles can occur due to lifestyle, behavior and environment. It can also be caused by diseases that affect hormones and the structure of reproductive organs. These conditions are generally non-invasive and untreated.

Continuously irregular cycles can have serious short- and long-term health consequences.

The typical menstrual cycle for a woman is 28 days, which varies from person to person. Irregular periods occur when the cycle length exceeds 35 days or the period is changed.

Part of the menstrual cycle in which the endometrium is rejected is the menstrual passage. It appears as bleeding flowing from the uterus to the vagina.

Menstruation typically begins during puberty between the ages of 10 and 16 and continues until menopause in women aged 45 to 55.

When changing your method of birth control, hormonal imbalances, menopause, and hormonal changes during resistance training can often lead to an irregular cycle called oligomenorrhea.

Treatment for irregular periods of puberty and menopause is usually not necessary, but irregular periods of the genitals may require medical advice.

If you’re concerned about the regularity of your menstrual cycle, recording your period in writing is an easy first step (or recording it on your phone calendar). Knowing that this is more normal than you might think, this record will help calm your mind. You can also understand when to take constructive action. If you experience menstrual irregularities for several periods, make an appointment with an obstetrician / gynecologist.

What to do in case of menstrual irregularities?

Your body releases unfertilized eggs every month during your menstrual cycle. Estrogen and progesterone levels rise and thicken the lining of the uterus as it fertilizes to protect the egg. If all the eggs are not fertilized, the excess coating is removed from the body in the form of a menstrual cycle.

Women typically have menstruation every 24 to 31 days, and lose 4 to 12 glasses of blood, 4 to 7 more tablespoons. However, not all women have a common cycle.

Some women skip or have completely irregular periods. Menstrual periods may be short or long, with more or less bleeding. This situation can be caused by an ongoing medical problem or by a change in medical or emotional condition. Disorders that because intermittent intervals can be corrected or treated in most cases.

What is your regular period?

Most girls reach menarche between the ages of 10 and 15, but there are also periods before and after that. The first period is called menarche (pronounced: MEN-ar-kee).

A woman’s menstrual cycle is the period from the beginning of her period to the beginning of the next cycle. I think this is usually a 28-day cycle. However, 28 is the average number most doctors use. The length of the cycle is usually different. It’s the last 24 and 34 days. Also, a woman may notice that the length of menstruation varies from month to month. Especially in the years after menstruation begins.

The beginning of a woman’s menstrual cycle, her ovaries begin to give birth to an egg. At the same time, the endometrium thickens, and if a woman is pregnant, there are places of overlapping fertilized eggs.

The egg is released from the ovary about two weeks before the woman has menstruation (this is called “ovulation”). The egg enters the uterus through the fallopian tube. If the sperm does not fertilize the egg, it begins to break down. After that, the liner and eggs leave the woman’s body and everyone starts from scratch. Therefore, we use the word “cycle”. The first day of her menstruation It is the first day of a woman’s menstruation.

It is possible that a woman’s body is not on a specific schedule. Especially in the first two years after a woman starts her period, she often skips her period or her period becomes irregular. Also, illness, sudden changes in weight and stress, etc. They can make the situation unpredictable. This is where the part of the brain that manages the rules is affected by the same event. There is a possibility that the menstruation will be the expected period due to travel or major changes in plans. This is all completely normal.

It is also natural to change a woman’s period. Often women have the potential for bleeding for 2 days, and in some cases, it can last for a week. This is because the level of hormones your body produces can affect the duration and amount of bleeding differently from cycle to cycle.

Symptoms of menstrual irregularities

The menstrual cycle lasts about 28 days. However, it varies from person to person, but this is from 24 to 35 days.

Every year, most women have 11 to 13 menstrual cycles. The bleeding usually takes about 5 days, but it can also last 2-7 days.

It may take about two years to develop a normal cycle when menstruation begins. After puberty, most women have periodic periods. The duration for each period is similar.

However, for some women, the amount of blood that flows between menstruation varies greatly. This is called menstrual impurity.

The main symptom of menstrual irregularities is when the cycle lasts more than 35 days or is of a different length.

If there is a change in blood flow or a clot larger than 2.5 cm in diameter is present, this is also considered irregular.

Causes of irregular periods

The risk of early menstruation is increased by various factors. Some are associated with hormonal development. Estrogen and progesterone are two hormones that affect menstruation. It is a hormone that Normal the cycle of periods.

Causes of hormones

Life cycle changes that affect hormone balance include puberty, menopause, pregnancy and childbirth and breastfeeding.

During puberty, the body has undergone major changes. It can take several years to balance estrogen and progesterone, a period during which irregular periods are common.

Premenopausal women usually have irregular periods and may have varying amounts of shed blood. Menopause occurs 12 months after a woman’s last period. Female in menopause no longer have periods.

Periods End During Pregnancy Most women do not have a period while breastfeeding.

Irregular bleeding may occur due to contraception. Excessive bleeding can be caused by an intrauterine device (IUD), while oral contraceptives can cause spotting during the period.

She will have light, lighter and shorter bleeding than normal when a woman first uses contraceptives. These usually Vanish after a few months.

Other possible changes related to irregular periods are:

Extreme weight gain

• Significant weight loss

• Emotional stress

• Eating disorders, bulimia nervosa

• Endurance exercise (for example, marathon)


Sometimes irregular intervals can indicate health problems, some of which can lead to further complications, such as infertility problems.

• Polycystic ovary syndrome (or PCOS) is a condition in which the ovaries produce many small, fluid-filled sacs called cysts. Women with PCOS do not ovulate and do not ovulate every month. If there are no irregularities or cycles, obesity, acne and premature hair growth are signs. Levels of male sex hormones, androgens, or testosterone are very high in women with PCOS. Studies show that PCOS affects 10-20% of women of childbearing age or about 50,000 women in the United States. PCOS can occur in an 11-year-old girl.

• Irregular intervals can be caused by thyroid disease. The thyroid gland produces hormones that normal the body’s metabolism.

• In extreme cases, cervical cancer, uterine cancer, or uterine cancer can cause bleeding for periods of time or during sexual desire.

• Endometriosis is a medical condition in which cells usually located in the uterus, called endometrial cells, expand outside the uterus. In other words, the inner wall of the uterus is on the outside. Endometriosis can affect women of childbearing age because endometriosis cells are cells that shed monthly during menstruation. Endometriotic cell growth is generally cancer-free. The pain can be asymptomatic and lead to other problems. Released blood can cause severe pain, irregular periods, and infertility, which can damage the sticky tissues of adjacent tissues.

• Infections of the female reproductive system are called pelvic inflammatory diseases. In women, apart from AIDS, it is the simplest and most often serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases.

If caught early, it can be treated with antibiotics, but when it spreads it can affect the fallopian tubes and uterus and cause chronic pain. After intercourse, there are various signs, including bleeding during your period.

Talk to a health consultant

When talking to your doctor, show him the history of your period. Also, please let us know if you recently noticed unexpected body changes, such as abdominal pain of unknown cause, difficulty controlling weight, and abnormal growth of facial and body hair. This will help you determine what is causing your cycle to become irregular.

Ultimately, healthcare providers ask about symptoms, medical history, and menstruation, and perform a simple physical exam. In some cases, this may be:

• Ask about your entire medical history, including medical history, surgery, family history, and social experience.

• Blood tests are done to monitor hormones and blood sugar. They usually check the levels of hormones, including thyroid hormones, testosterone, prolactin, and sugar metabolism.

• An ultrasound (ultrasound) scan of the ovaries and uterine pelvis was done.


Treatment depends on the cause as needed.

• Puberty and Menopause: Irregular periods of treatment are usually not required during puberty or as menopause approaches.

• Contraception: If irregular bleeding from contraception develops and continues for several months, women should consult a doctor about other alternatives.

• PCOS and obesity. If you are overweight or obese and have PCOS, losing weight can help stabilize your menstrual cycle. Low weight means your body doesn’t need to make too much insulin. Thus, testosterone levels decrease and the likelihood of ovulation increases.

Thyroid problems: Treatment of the underlying condition may be prescribed. This includes metered-dose radioactive iodine therapy or surgery.

• Stress and Eating Disorders: Psychotherapy is helpful when emotional stress and involuntary weight loss is causing menstrual irregularities. Treatment includes relaxation techniques, stress relief, and talking to a therapist.


Metformin, an oral hypoglycemic drug for type 2 diabetes, may be prescribed by your doctor to ensure ovulation and regular menses.

Low-dose birth control pills that contain a mixture of progesterone and estrogen will help. This minimizes androgen production and helps to stop abnormal bleeding.

Or, your period is probably controlled by taking progesterone 10-14 days a month.

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