What is Breast Cancer?

What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer occurs when breast cells begin to grow out of control. Then they can attack nearby tissues or spread throughout the body. Large formation is call tumors. Benign tumors cannot spread and are not dangerous. However, malignant tumors can spread throughout the body or in nearby tissues.

Malignant neoplasm most often occurs in the tissues of the ducts or glands of the breast. It can take months or even a long time for a tumor to grow large enough to be felt in the breast, so screening usually ends with a mammogram, which sometimes allows you to observe the disease before you feel it or see it.

After skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women in the USA. Breast cancer can occur in both men and women but is much more common in women.

What are the Symptoms of BC?

  • A thickness or thickening of the chest that feels different from the surrounding tissue
  • Change the size, shape, or appearance of a breast
  • Changes in the skin above the chest, such as dimples
  • A nipple just inverted
  • Peeling, peeling, peeling or flaking of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple (areola) or skin of the breast
  • Redness or itching of the skin on the breast, such as the skin of an orange

What are the different types of Breast Cancer?

The most recognized types of breast cancer are

There are several less normal types of BC, for example, Paget’s disorder, external medullary disease, mucinous and inflammatory sinus.

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a breast disease that can cause BC. Breast cancer growth cells are only found in the lining of the ducts and have not spread to different breast tissues.


Doctors know that breast cancer occurs when certain breast cells begin to grow abnormally. These cells divide faster than healthy cells and continue to accumulate, forming a mass or mass. Cells can spread (metastasize) through the chest to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body.

Doctors estimate that about 5-10% of breast cancers are related to gene mutations passed down through generations of a family.

The increase in age: Your risk of breast cancer increases with age.

Being female: Women are much more likely to develop breast cancer in comparison to men.

A personal history of the condition of the breast: If you’ve had a breast biopsy that found lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) or atypical breast hyperplasia, you have an increased risk of breast cancer.

A personal history of BC: If you’ve had breast cancer in one breast, you have an increased risk of developing cancer in the second breast.

Inherited genes that increase the risk of cancer. Some genetic mutations that increase the risk of breast cancer can be passed from parents to children. The best-known gene mutations are referred to as BRCA1 and BRCA2. These genes can greatly increase the risk of breast cancer and other cancers, but they don’t make cancer inevitable.

Obesity. Being obese increases the risk of cancer.

other causes

Postmenopausal hormone therapy. Women who take hormone therapy drugs that combine estrogen and progesterone to treat the signs and symptoms of menopause have an increased risk of breast cancer. The risk of breast cancer decreases when women stop taking these drugs.

A family history of BC. If your mother, sister, or daughter has been diagnosed with BC, particularly at a young age, your risk of BC increases. However, most people diagnosed with breast cancer have no family history of the disease.

Start the period cycle at a young age. Starting your period before age 12 increases your risk of B- cancer.

The onset of menopause in old age. If you start menopause at an older age, you are more likely to develop B- cancer.

Radiation exposure. If you received chest radiation therapy as a child or young adult, your risk of B- cancer is increased.

Never having been pregnant. Women who have never been pregnant have a higher risk of breast cancer than women who have had one or more pregnancies.

Having your first child in old age. Women who become a mother of the first child after age 30 may have an increased risk of breast cancer.

Drinking alcohol. Drinking alcohol increases the risk of B- cancer.

How do you protect yourself?

Ask your doctor about breast cancer screening. Talk with your doctor about when to start breast cancer screenings and tests, such as clinical breast exams and mammograms.

Diet and Lifestyle: Regular exercise and a healthy, balanced diet are recommended for all women as they can help prevent many conditions such as heart disease, diabetes and many forms of cancer. There are benefits for women:

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Exercise regularly
  • Have a low consumption of saturated fats
  • Do not drink alcohol

Breastfeeding: Studies show that women who breastfeed are statistically less likely to develop breast cancer than those who do not. This could be because women do not ovulate regularly while breastfeeding and estrogen levels remain stable.

Maintain a healthy weight: If you have high weight, work to maintain it. If you need to lose weight, ask your doctor about healthy strategies for doing so

Familiarize yourself with breasts through breast self-examination for breast awareness. Women can choose to become familiar with their breasts by occasionally inspecting their breasts during a breast self-examination for breast awareness. If a change, lump, or other unusual mark occurs on the chest, talk to your doctor immediately.

Preventive Medication (chemoprevention): Estrogen-blocking drugs, such as selective estrogen receptor modulators and aromatase inhibitors, reduce the risk of BC in women at high risk for the disease.

Preventive surgery: Women with a very high risk of breast cancer may choose to have their breasts surgically removed (prophylactic mastectomy). They may also choose to remove healthy ovaries (prophylactic oophorectomy) to reduce the risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer.

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Various Stages

Cancer is organized according to the size of the tumor and whether it has spread to the lymph nodes or to different parts of the body. There are several methods to organize breast cancer. One way is from stage 0 to stage 4, but they can be separated into small stages.


0: Known as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), the cells are confined within a channel and have not attacked the surrounding tissues.

1: At the beginning of this stage, the tumor is up to 2 centimetres (cm) wide and has not affected any lymph nodes.

2: The tumor is 2 cm transversely and has begun to spread to nearby centers.

3: The tumor is up to 5 cm wide and may have spread to some lymph nodes.

4: Cancer has spread to distant organs, especially bones, liver, mind, or lungs.

How to diagnose BC?

The methods for diagnosing or defining breast cancer are as follows:

* Breast examination: The doctor will check the breasts, the lymph nodes in the armpits, and examine them to check for any abnormalities.

* Biopsy: This involves taking a sample of breast cells for examination. Biopsy samples are sent to a laboratory for analysis, where specialists determine if the cells are cancerous.

*If in doubt, the doctor may request a breast ultrasound. An ultrasound can help determine if the new breast thickness is solid or a cyst full of fluid.

Some may need additional therapy, such as chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or radiation therapy.

Mammography: Your doctor may order a mammogram, which is an X-ray of your breast.

Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) An MRI of the breast is done to produce more detailed images of the breast.

How can Breast cancer be cured naturally and effectively?

Your breast cancer treatment plan includes the following:

  • Ayurvedic Herbs: These herbs help control the abnormal growth of breast cells and, in the later stages of breast cancer, also help reduce pain.
  • Acupuncture: They can relieve the patient by helping him to unlock internal power lines.
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Eating a high-calorie diet and eating small or frequent meals in advance can also help maintain a healthy weight.
  • Turmeric is an antioxidant that helps reduce the number of free radicals in the body. It is beneficial for improving health and immunity.

Side Effects of Treatment

There are two types of side effects of breast cancer treatment, long-term and late side effects, which may include:

  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Sexual difficulties
  • Pain and numbness (peripheral neuropathy)
  • Infertility
  • Lack of menstruation
  • Menopause symptoms
  • Musculoskeletal symptoms
  • Problems with the heart

What Should I Do After Breast Cancer Treatment?

A medical examination is required after the treatment. Consideration of follow-up after breast cancer treatment

  • Physical tests
  • Bone health tests
  • Pelvic tests (for women)
  • Mammograms